Brazil forest production generated $3.6 bi in 2019

Planted forests in Brazil total 10 million hectares

Published in 15/10/2020 - 15:20 By Agência Brasil - Rio de Janeiro

Brazil’s forest production reached $3.6 billion in 2019. Silviculture accounts for $2.78 billion, or 77.7 percent of the total, down five percent from 2018, after three consecutive years on the rise. The reduction was chiefly brought about by the 11 percent decline in the value of cellulose production, which faced a slash in its price in the international market.

Wood represented 97.3 percent of the value of silviculture production. The production value of wood products, on the other hand, was down 5.3 percent.

The data can be found in the survey Vegetable and Silviculture Extraction Production (PEVS 2019), published this week by the government’s statistics agency IBGE.

The study also reveals that, in 2019, the production value obtained through vegetable extraction went up 6.4 percent, adding up to $808 million. Of the nine production groups making up the extraction exploration in the survey, seven witnessed an increase. Wood products accounted for 64.5 percent of vegetable extraction, followed by foodstuffs (27.4%), waxes (5.3%), and oleagenous plants (2.3%).

Chief among non-wood extraction products, are the carnaúba (powder) and the pine nut—up 15.8 and 13.6 percent in their production value, respectively.

Regional output

The South and the Southeast concentrate most of the country’s forest output, accounting for 63.8 percent of the total value of domestic production, propelled by planted forests. Minas Gerais is still the state with the highest area of planted forests, over 2 million hectares, up 0.8 percent from 2018, nearly all of which eucalyptus. Paraná comes next with 1.5 million hectares, of which 53.4 percent is earmarked for pinus development. In value terms, despite the 5.3 percent decline in silviculture, Minas Gerais totaled $790 million in production value, 28.3 percent of the total national value for silviculture, followed by Paraná, with $556 million (17.8%).

Planted forests

Brazil’s planted forests amount to 10 million hectares. There was a 1.2 percent growth in 2019 from 2018, which means another 118.1 thousand hectares. Eucalyptus production for the paper and cellulose industry occupies 7.6 million hectares, whereas pinus is reported at 2 million hectares, and other species have 387 thousand. Whereas 42.6 percent of eucalyptus areas are located in the Southeast, 51.5 percent of the pinus area is in the South.

Translation: Fabrício Ferreira -  Edition: Nira Foster

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